Executive Branch

Article II of the Constitution outlines the responsibilities of the Executive Branch and of the President as a lawmaker and Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces.


The President, the Vice President, and the president’s close advisers encompass the Executive Branch of the U.S. government. 

As commander-in-chief, the President has the power to order military action, to negotiate peace treaties and trade agreements, and to enforce the laws that are created by Congress.

From the first term of George Washington’s presidency in 1789 to the current administration, every president has been confronted with challenges that were resolved with military action. Decisions the president makes as Commander-in-Chief could impact the security of the United States at home, as well as the safety of troops on active duty around the world. During wartime, the president consults his Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Council to deploy troops to American military bases around the world. During peacetime, servicemen and women protect the shorelines, airways, and infrastructure of the United States while providing aid to other countries when natural disaster strikes.

“FLOTUS”, the First Lady of the United States, organizes social events and welcomes visitors from around the world into the White House

Negotiating Peace

An important part of the administration’s foreign policy is negotiating treaties with other economic superpowers. As a peace maker, the president travels to summits and conferences to meet with other heads-of-state about global concerns, such as confronting terrorism and safeguarding the environment. He invites leaders of other nations to the White House to attend formal state dinners or for candid talks about matters of foreign policy. us government executive branch

Balance of Power

The powers of each of the three branches of government are carefully kept in check by the other two.

  • As a lawmaker, when the President receives a bill or resolution that both chambers of Congress have voted on, he can sign it into law or veto it. Though Congress could override a presidential veto with a 2/3 vote, more often the new legislation is reworked until it is approved by both Congress and the President
  • When a vacancy on the Supreme Court occurs during the president’s term in office, he or she has the opportunity to nominate a replacement. The new justice is appointed to the court only after a process of confirmation hearings and an “up or down” vote in the Senate. This process extends to the President’s choices for advisors as well, and for ambassadors to U.S. embassies around the world
  • The Executive branch has authority over a wide range of federal agencies, from NASA and the US Postal Service to law enforcment agencies such as the FBI and the CIA. The president relies on advice from his executive staff and the members of the Cabinet that have jurisdiction over these specific parts of the federal government to enforce the laws created by Congress