Cautious Oversight of GMO's

DNA technology has enabled scientists to genetically modify crops to enhance beneficial qualities. The skeptics are concerned about corporations focused more on their bottom line than on the health of consumers, but others are cautiously optimistic about the potential life-saving changes that are possible.

The process begins by locating the genetic sequence of a favorable trait on a strand of DNA. Scientists apply enzymes to the strand to chop it into fragments and generate copies of the targeted gene; a method that has been used in forensic DNA analysis for years.

The isolated trait is then incorporated into a plasmid; a fragment of DNA found in the nucleus of a bacteria separate from its chromosomal DNA. The plasmid is modified with the genetic sequence for the new trait and then replaced in the bacteria or into a different host.

The research involving recombinant DNA technology is carefully regulated by the FDA, the EPA, and the USDA.

president lincoln during the civil war

The Grand Old Party

A “republic” is a form of government that empowers its citizens to vote and elect officials, an idea that America was founded on when the Revolutionary War was fought to secure independence from the monarch of Great Britain.

Abe Lincoln was the first Republican President, and the Civil War was fought during his administration in an effort to prevent the southern states from creating a separate form of government.

In the years following the war, the first of the civil rights amendments were written.

  • 13th Amendment abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment safeguards the legal protections and equal freedoms of Americans
  • 15th Amendment secures the right to vote
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Presidential Advisors

The responsibilities of the executive branch are delegated to the President, the Vice President, and the offices of the Cabinet.

The Constitution empowers the President to select a team of close advisers to manage the numerous agencies and programs that influence the lives of Americans every day. During the first presidential administration, George Washington established four Cabinet posts: Secretary of State, Treasury, War, and the Attorney General.

Eleven other Cabinet-level positions have been added during the twentieth century, the most recent being the Department of Homeland Security created in 2002.

washington monument with tourists

Echoes Through Time

In July 1863, on a battlefield in Southwest Pennsylvania, 28,000 Confederate and 23,000 Union soldiers lost their lives fighting the Battle of Gettysburg.

The 3-day war was a decisive victory for the North and the turning point of the Civil War.

In November of that year, President Lincoln traveled to Pennsylvania and delivered the Gettysburg Address to a crowd of 15,000. The President’s two-minute speech is one of the most famous in American history.

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