Baseball in the Nation's Capitol
The invention of baseball is usually credited to Abner Doubleday, said to have organized the first baseball games in Cooperstown, NY in 1839. Baseball grew in popularity during the years of the Civil War where Doubleday achieved the rank of Major General for the Union side.
Referred to then as “townball” or “roundball,” games within the ranks of both Union and Confederate soldiers in the 1860’s were a way to pass the time, boost morale, and keep the men fit.
In 2005, baseball returned to the nation’s capital when the Montreal Expos became part of the National League as the Washington Nationals. Three years later, the newly built Nationals Field became their official stadium.
President Jimmy Carter is known to be a deeply religious man and a devoted husband, father, and grandfather. Celebrating his 94th birthday this year, he continues to focus on the social issues that have preoccupied his time since leaving public office in the early 1980’s.
The Grand Old Party
A “republic” is a form of government that empowers its citizens to vote and elect officials, an idea that America was founded on when the Revolutionary War was fought to secure independence from the monarch of Great Britain.
Abe Lincoln was the first Republican President, and the Civil War was fought during his administration in an effort to prevent the southern states from creating a separate form of government.
In the years following the war, the first of the civil rights amendments were written.
- 13th Amendment abolished slavery
- 14th Amendment safeguards the legal protections and equal freedoms of Americans
- 15th Amendment secures the right to vote
The responsibilities of the executive branch are delegated to the President, the Vice President, and the offices of the Cabinet.
The Constitution empowers the President to select a team of close advisers to manage the numerous agencies and programs that influence the lives of Americans every day. During the first presidential administration, George Washington established four Cabinet posts: Secretary of State, Treasury, War, and the Attorney General.
Eleven other Cabinet-level positions have been added during the twentieth century, the most recent being the Department of Homeland Security created in 2002.